Cluster Life Cycle: A Study in the Vale dos Sinos Footwear Cluster

  • Vitor Schmidt UFRGS - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Aurora Carneiro Zen UFRGS - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Bruno Anicet Bittencourt UNISINOS - Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos
  • Raquel Engelman Machado FEEVALE


This research aims at analyzing the relation between the flow of knowledge, lock-in and stage of the lifecycle of a cluster. For that, the Footwear Cluster of Vale dos Sinos-Paranhana in Rio Grande do Sul was chosen as a study object. The results point out that the cluster is little collaborative and little innovative. The cluster is still recognized as a great footwear producer, but the own identity of the people with the cluster is being lost. The local culture does not promote the diffusion of knowledge, since the companies are closed. This research contributes with the comprehension of how the clusters develop, for this purpose, the flow of knowledge will have a central role in the renewal of the cluster. As a practical implication, the awareness of the difficulties and the necessary mechanisms to renovate a cluster are important so that it is possible to work on sectoral policies and of cluster. As theoretical contribution, the study reinforces that the lack of new knowledge influences the imprisonment, resulting from its dependent trajectory, leading it to the decline.


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Oct 19, 2020
How to Cite
SCHMIDT, Vitor et al. Cluster Life Cycle: A Study in the Vale dos Sinos Footwear Cluster. Revista de Negócios, [S.l.], v. 25, n. 2, p. 45-59, oct. 2020. ISSN 1980-4431. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2023. doi:


Cluster, life cycles, stages of development, decline and renewal of cluster.